Ceramic tiles have a water absorption rate of 0.5 percent. That’s what makes it different from porcelain tiles, which have less than a 0.5 percent water absorption rate. However, water absorption is not the only characteristic that matters when choosing what tiles to use in your home. Although porcelain tiles are more waterproof than ceramic, there are many benefits to using ceramic tiles in your home.
Resistance to Water
Ceramic tiles are loved for their water-resistant properties. Though not as resistant to moisture as porcelain tiles, ceramic can hold its own against water and humidity. In fact, it is also a top choice for homeowners, who use it in bathrooms, swimming pools, exterior wall cladding, backsplashes, and mudroom floors.
All the better if you are going to use ceramic tiles outdoors. Aside from its reasonable water absorption rate, it is also soft and more pliable than porcelain tiles. That makes ceramic tiles the perfect choice for outdoor use.
Resistance to Frost
Since porcelain tiles are more brittle, ceramic tiles are a more suitable option for light-use outdoor applications. If it snows in your area, ceramic tiles can resist frost and moisture very well. Most residential and commercial building owners use ceramic tiles in their patios and exterior wall cladding, as ceramic tiles hold up well to frost. In cities and states that experience extreme temperature changes, the frost-resistant rate of ceramic tiles spells the difference in price and durability.
Resistance to Thermal Shock
Where do you plan to use the ceramic tiles? If you plan to use the ceramic tiles near a fireplace or stove, check the tile’s thermal shock resistance. Some ceramic tiles have a harder glaze and higher Porcelain Enamel Institute (PEI) rating, which means they can handle temperature variations and cracking.
Remember that ceramic tiles can expand and shrink depending on the temperature they were subjected to. You need to determine the application and find the suitable material for the flooring.
Resistance to Slippage
How can you know if a tile is susceptible to slippage? The term coefficient of friction refers to measuring a tile’s resistance to slippage. This is another important characteristic of a tile aside from water resistance. Tiles with a coefficient of friction above or equal to 0.06 are more slip-resistant. However, if the rating is below 0.05, people are more prone to slipping when they walk
These numbers are not readily indicated on tiles, of course. The best way to determine the slip resistance of the tiles with the naked eye is to check the textures. The more textured the tiles are, the more slip-resistant they will be.
Water resistance isn’t the only thing that matters in ceramic tiles. It has many other characteristics that make them an all-around versatile flooring material for all your needs. Whether you need an indoor or outdoor flooring option, ceramic tiles can meet your requirements. It is also one of the most affordable types of tiles that come in varied sizes, colors, and designs.